Fieldwork Researcher: Charles Katua

Charles Katua is a researcher of ICT4D.  He is currently employed at C4DLab – University of Nairobi, where he combines project management, design research, and service design skills to facilitate development of innovative solutions with startups. He also cooperates with the Faculty of School of Computing & Informatics at the University of Nairobi, Kenya, mostly in the research of regional innovation and startup environment in Kenya. His research interests include technology entrepreneurship, platform strategy, and research methods. Before entering academia he worked as a Software Developer in IT industry.

He joins the ConflictNET team to support data collection and other logistical matters in Kenya. He is keen to explore the role of social media in shaping perceptions and narratives in conflict-prone situations.

Fieldwork Researcher: Abdirizak Aden Muhumed

A researcher with a keen interest in state-violence, ethnic nationalism and migration in the Horn of Africa.

Academic qualifications:

MA in Political Science

BA Hons in Creative Writing and African Literature

BA Hons in Political Science

BA in Journalism


Fieldwork Researcher: Vincenzo Cavallo

Vincenzo Cavallo, also known as Dr.Faras in East Africa, is an academic researcher a visual artist and a social entrepreneur.

He has been nominated Berlinale Talent in 2018, in 2019 he won the Berlinale Talent Co-Production Award with the Somali-Kenyan feature film project Bufis, currently under development. During the same here he has been selected to present African Space Makers, the first ever interactive VR series produced in Africa at the Venice Biennale Cinema (Gap-Financing Market), currently under production.

Vincenzo is the founder of the Nairobi BUS an iconic space in Nairobi where during 2018/19 more than 42 workshops on photography and videography have been delivered in collaboration with Canon Central and Norther Africa.

He is the director of an awarded feature film WAZI?FM, a TV series Pasos de Cumbia, a web series Connection House, and more than fifty documentaries on social political cultural and humanitarian issues.

In 2010, after working for UN/DESA and co-founding the Cultural Video Foundation and Cultural Video Production, he obtained a PhD in Communication and New Technologies with a thesis on participatory media and politics in Kenya.

Since 2007, he has been working in Africa especially in Kenya and Somalia and Latin America, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Argentina and Chile with the Cultural Video Group producing and directing video projects and communication campaigns for UN agencies while at the same time publishing articles and book chapters on ICT for development and democracy.


Cultural Studies, Media Studies, Migration Studies.

Fieldwork Researcher: Elia Vitturini

Elia Vitturini received his PhD in social anthropology at the University of Milan-Bicocca (Italy). Since 2011 he has carried out fieldwork research in Somaliland. His analysis adopted the point of view of young political activists and party members in order to investigate the process of state institutions building, the relationships between plural political actors of Somalilander arena and political mobilisation during a pre-election phase. After 2014, he further developed the analysis of Somali society by focusing on local configurations of social stratification. He investigated the position of Gaboye groups and other marginalised minorities, i.e. hereditary groups of occupational specialists, within the Somalilander economic and political context. This historical-anthropological approach focused on some structuring elements of the intertwined dynamics of reproduction and transformation of social stratifications.

Postdoctoral Researcher: Kira Allmann

Kira Allmann is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Media Law and Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies. Her current research examines how different internet ownership models enable or curtail the realization of fundamental human rights. Her work explores how communities at the margins of the web create innovative solutions to achieve internet access, challenging the corporate and state ownership models of internet provision. Working with community networks — built, administered, and maintained by local communities — Kira’s research interrogates alternative infrastructural, regulatory, and political answers to the digital divide.

Kira is also the Communications Director at the Oxford Human Rights Hub and a research partner of the Whose Knowledge? campaign, which works to center the knowledge of marginalized communities on the web and raise awareness of the digital exclusions that keep the majority of the world from participating fully in digital knowledge creation and curation.

She completed her DPhil at the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, where her dissertation focused on how mobility between online and offline spaces constituted a practice of resistance during and after the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Between 2011 and 2015, Kira conducted ethnographic research, blending online and offline qualitative methods, to investigate how the use of digital technologies by Egyptian youth were transforming virtual and physical spaces in the city of Cairo.


DPhil, Oriental Studies (Islamic World), University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

MPhil (with Distinction), Modern Middle Eastern Studies, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

BA, Government and Linguistics, The College of William and Mary, Virginia, USA

Twitter: @KiraAllmann

European Research Council (ERC) Projects: Uyanga Amarsaikhan

Dr. Uyanga Amarsaikhan oversees content for the Migration Observatory and conducts legal research for ConflictNET – The Politics and Practice of Social Media in Conflict. She is also responsible for implementation and financial management of ERC Projects at the Law Faculty’s Centre for Socio-Legal Studies.

Postdoctoral researcher: Roxana Radu

Roxana is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Oxford’s Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, working on Internet regulation, algorithms and knowledge production in the public sphere. She is also a Research Associate at the Global Governance Centre, Graduate Institute in Geneva and a non-residential fellow at the Centre for Media, Data and Society, Central European University. Until May 2018, she was Programme Manager at the Geneva Internet Platform, a dialogue and capacity building centre for Internet governance and digital policy and was chairing the non-for-profit Internet Society-Switzerland. Roxana holds a PhD in International Relations/Political Science from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Switzerland) and received the Swiss Network of International Studies Award for the Best PhD Thesis in 2017. Her interdisciplinary research and publications focus on international governance and global Internet policy-making.

Selected publications

Roxana Radu. Negotiating Internet Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Forthcoming 2019

Jean-Marie Chenou, Roxana Radu. ‘The <right to be forgotten>: negotiating public and private ordering in the European Union’, Business & Society, 2017.

Roxana Radu, Nicolo Zingales and Enrico Calandro. ‘Crowdsourcing as an emerging form of multistakeholder participation in internet governance’, Policy & Internet, 2015, Vol. 7(3), pp. 362–382.

Roxana Radu, Jean-Marie Chenou. ‘Data control and digital regulatory space(s): towards a new European approach’, Internet Policy Review, 2015, Vol. 4(2). DOI: 10.14763/2015.2.370.

Roxana Radu, Jean-Marie Chenou, Rolf H. Weber (eds.), The evolution of global internet governance: principles and policies in the making. Zurich and Berlin: Springer, 2014.

Roxana Radu. ‘eParticipation and deliberation in the European Union: the case of Debate Europe’International Journal of e-Politics, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 1-15.

Kristina Irion, Roxana Radu. ‘Delegation to independent regulatory authorities in the media sector: a paradigm shift through the lens of regulatory theory’. In Schulz, W., Valcke, P. and Irion, K. (eds.), The Independence of the Media and Its Regulatory Agencies, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2014, pp. 15-54.

Roxana Radu. ‘Power technology and powerful technologies: the dynamics of global governmentality in the cyberspace’, in Kremer, J.-F. and B. Mueller (eds.), Cyber Space and International Relations: Theory, Prospects and Challenges. New York and Berlin: Springer, 2013, pp. 3-20.

Daniel Pop, Roxana Radu. ‘Challenges to local authorities under EU structural funds: evidence from mixed quasi-markets for public service provision in Romania’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 2013, Vol. 51 (6), pp. 1108-1123.

Roxana Radu. ‘The monopoly of violence in the cyber space: challenges of cyber security’, in Fels, E., J.-F. Kremer and K. Harmat (eds.), Power in the 21st Century. International Security and International Political Economy in a Changing World. New York: Springer, 2012, pp. 137-150.

Roxana Radu.‘Negotiating meanings for security in the cyberspace’, Info – The journal of policy, regulation and strategy (Elsevier), 2013, Vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 32-41.

Research assistant: Tim Epple

Tim Epple joined ConflictNET in June 2018 to conduct research and support the project’s online representation. He carries out archival research on the legacy of media in the Somali conflict, provides desk-based research support to a project on the use of biometrics in the Horn of Africa, and maintains the ConflictNET microsite.

Tim earned a Master of Science in African Studies from the African Studies Centre at the University of Oxford. In addition to his role with ConflictNET, he works as a research analyst in the security consulting sector in London. His research interests include the social media-conflict nexus, peacekeeping, and forced migration, with a regional focus on the Sahel and the Horn of Africa. Tim is a steering committee member of the OxPeace Network, a multi-disciplinary initiative that promotes the academic study of peace at the University of Oxford.

Postdoctoral researcher: Eleanor Marchant

Eleanor R Marchant is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies. She recently received her PhD from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania where she studied under Dr John L. Jackson Jr, the incoming Dean of the Annenberg School. Her research brings a deep-dive anthropological perspective to examining the relationship between the internet, rapidly changing new technologies and the African societies that shape and are shaped by them. Eleanor’s doctoral work is an empirically rich exploration of the experiences of entrepreneurs, investors, and programmers designing, building, and funding new communication technologies in Nairobi, Kenya. Drawing from first-hand experience during an extended multi-year ethnography of Nairobi’s tech sector, Eleanor provides an insightful analysis of the internationally engaged, nature of technology production on the African continent, and the technological and cultural narratives that shape, and at times inhibit, that work. Eleanor has been a fellow at the Center for Global Communications Studies, iHub Nairobi, and the Media Institute in Nairobi. She also brings a practitioner’s perspective to her research, drawing on six years working as a media investment and development practitioner with a focus in the West and East African regions for both Media Development Investment Fund and Freedom House.



BSc., Economics and Politics, Bristol University, Bristol, UK.

MA, International Relations, New York University, New York, USA.

MA, Communications, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

PhD, Communications, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.


Selected Publications:

PhD Thesis: Eleanor R Marchant, “Anyone Anywhere: Narrating African Innovation in a Global Community of Practice” University of Pennsylvania PhD Thesis, (University of Pennsylvania 2018)

Eleanor R Marchant, ‘Organizational Culture and Hybridity: The hybridization of non-profit and for-profit organizational culture in the Kenyan tech sector’ in Bitange Ndemo and Tim Weiss (eds), Digital Kenya: An Entrepreneurial Revolution in the Making (Palgrave Macmillan 2017)

Eleanor Marchant, ‘Who is ICT Innovation for? Challenges to Existing Theories of Innovation, a Kenyan Case Study’ (CGCS Occasional Paper Series on ICTs, Statebuilding, and Peacebuilding in Africa, 4, 2015)

Eleanor R Marchant, ‘Interactive Voice Response and Radio for Peacebuilding: A Macro View of the Literature and Experiences from the Field’ (CGCS, February 2016)


Twitter: @ermarchant

Head of PCMLP: Nicole Stremlau

Nicole Stremlau is Head of the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy and a Senior Research Fellow in the Centre of Socio-Legal Studies. She is also Research Professor in the Humanities at the University of Johannesburg. She currently leads a large European Research Council (ERC) project on the Politics and Practice of Social Media in Conflict (ConflictNET).

Stremlau’s research focuses on media and governance, particularly in areas of conflict and insecurity in Africa. Her most recent projects examine the role of new media in political participation and governance; media law and regulation in the absence of government or in weak states; the role of media in conflict, peacebuilding and the consolidation of political power; and how governments attempt to engage citizens and communicate law-making processes.

Stremlau has extensive experience researching and writing on Ethiopia and Eastern Africa more generally. Her more recent research has been on media and conflict in Somalia and Somaliland, which has received funding from the United Nations, among others. Stremlau is currently writing a monograph on technology and innovation in the Somali territories. Her research has contributed to academic journals, including African Affairs, International Journal of Communication, Journal of African Law, Third World Quarterly, and the Journal of Eastern African Studies, as well as to research by governmental organizations such as the World Bank’s 2011 World Development Report on Conflict, Security and Development.  Stremlau’s research was profiled by the National Endowment for Democracy highlighting 10 of the most significant academics that have contributed to empirical understandings of the relationship between media and governance. (NED, 2012.   Is there a Link Between Media and Good Governance? What the Academics Say)

As Head of PCMLP, Stremlau develops and manages international programmes on media law and policy, including the Price Media Law Moot Court Programme. She has established links between PCMLP with universities, law firms and media companies in India, China, Eastern Africa and the Middle East. Stremlau is co-director of the annual Annenberg-Oxford Media Policy Summer Institute, a researcher and author for the Horn of Africa for the annual Freedom House Press Freedom Rankings and an Associate Fellow at the Centre for Global Communications Studies, Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania.

Prior to coming to PCMLP, Stremlau was director of the Africa programme at the Stanhope Centre for Communications Policy Research where she initiated a led the East African Journalists Fellowship Programme, as well as research projects on media and election violence and public opinion research in Darfur. She has been a regular contributor to Janes Intelligence Review and has consulted for the World Bank in Addis Ababa as well as for Human Rights Watch. Stremlau lived in Ethiopia for several years where she conducted research and was a features writer at the Ethiopian Reporter.

Stremlau’s recent publications include Media, Conflict and the State (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Speech and Society in Turbulent Times (ed. with Monroe Price) (Cambridge University Press, 2018), and UNESCO’s flagship publication World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development (with Iginio Gagliardone and Monroe Price) (UNESCO, 2017).

A full list of publications is available here: